Does NFPA provide education and guidance about CO – carbon monoxide – poisoning prevention?

January 10, 2024

By Nils Deacon, Manager, Inspections and Rating Services

According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), over 420 people die of carbon monoxide or CO poisoning each year in the US and it is responsible for over 100,000 emergency department visits.

NFPA, the National Fire Protection Association, provides specific information and stategies to deal with the dangers of CO – carbon monoxide.

Malfunctioning heating equipment is a major source of exposure to carbon monoxide. During winter months, fossil fuel heating equipment can be in constant use. Without yearly servicing by a professional, this can be a major cause of CO poisoning.

Use of gas-fired portable generators is also a significant cause of CO poisoning if they are not properly placed and monitored. This would include “only using them outdoors in a well ventilated area away from windows and doors” (NFPA).

According to NFPA 72, ‘’CO alarms should be installed in a central location outside each sleeping area and on every level of the home and in other locations where required by applicable laws, codes or standards . . .’’

DISCLAIMER: This information reflects the interpretation of MSO, Inc. with regard to NFPA Standards and Codes. It does not represent NFPA’s official position on the items discussed.

Gas-fired portable generator used for emergency power.